The most daunting task the human race faces here and now is both protecting biodiversity and finding the way to reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the foreseeable future. Endangered species could be saved and eco-disasters could be avoided whether the mankind realises one precise psychological issue: people should have some principles behind the choices made to reduce the environmental footprint and prevent the environmental catastrophes. The dire consequences human beings face under present-day conditions is the destruction of the ozone layer and as a result greenhouse effect.
Not all natural resources are renewable, not all of them could be substituted, but what we should care about is searching alternative energy sources. The whimpers have become a major source of electrical power generation for the last quarter of the century already producing several per cent of the world’s total electricity. Unfortunately, the question of where to put wind turbines arose. One of the found solutions is to build wind farms offshores. The focal point of the modern researches is to reduce the cost of equipment needed and increase reliability. Despite having such advantages as more wind and more space for building, the disadvantage of the expenditures is overwhelming. Due to the fact that carbon dioxide is harmful to the environment, the researchers introduced the policy to decrease the level of CO2 consumption to 1/3. This project is entitled CCS or Capture Carbon and Storage. More than a million cubic meters is being injected every year into the surface. In spite of saving the ozone layer, it brings about the risks of leakage and earthquakes.
Unfortunately, the solutions mentioned above could not be implemented in Ukraine in case the economic instability of the state. The only options available for the Ukrainians are building new houses using iron metals of the old ones and using public transport. What is absolutely vital, the level of air pollution due to vehicle emissions could be reduced neither in Ukraine nor in the world. The scientists are looking for long-term solutions.